MyHeritage and the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Publish Exclusive Collection of Jewish Records from Vienna

MyHeritage and the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Publish Exclusive Collection of Jewish Records from Vienna

We aredelighted to announce that we have partnered withthe Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People to publish an exclusive collection of digitized Jewish emigrant applications from interwar Vienna. The collection, which contains 228,250 records, also includes scanned images of the original documents. These valuable records provide remarkable insights into the lives of the flourishing Jewish community of Vienna, Austria at this pivotal time in world history, from 1938 to 1939.

Search Austria, Vienna, Jewish Emigrant Applications, 1938–1939

The flourishing Jewish community in interwar Vienna was home to approximately 200,000 Jews. The “Anschluss” — the annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany in March 1938 — brought an abrupt end to the community’s prosperity. In May 1938, Jews living in Austria registered with the emigration department of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde (the Jewish community organization in Vienna) if they intended to leave the country and escape Nazi persecution.

Each head of household had to fill out a detailed questionnaire, containing the following information: name of the applicant, address, date of birth, place of birth, marital status, nationality, residency status in Vienna and whether and how long the applicant resided elsewhere, information about the profession and the last-held professional position, any newly learned professions, language skills, economic situation and monthly income, and additional comprehensive information related to emigration.

This emigration-related data includes information about the applicant’s possibility to obtain the necessary papers for emigration; the emigration destination; personal plans abroad; financial resources for emigration; relatives and friends abroad, especially in the destination country (including name, address, and degree of kinship); references; and passport information. In addition to the information about the applicant, the questionnaires contain information about any dependents, including degree of relationship, name, places of birth, dates of birth, and occupation. In some cases, the questionnaires also provide information about the applicant’s parents.

这些“移民名单”是1938-39年间奥地利犹太人最有信息的收藏之一。这些表格通常由其他文件补充,包括信件、宣誓书、官方文件和通信,以及作为文件处理的一部分添加的邮票和手写笔记。

Unfortunately, the information contained in these forms was later used by the Nazis to aid them in their systematic expulsion of the Jews from Austria.

这些移民文件是维也纳犹太社区广泛公共档案的一部分,它构成了耶路撒冷犹太人民历史中央档案馆(CAHJP)的一些藏品。

Example


The collection contains the emigration sheets of soldier Menachem Baumgarten, who escaped Vienna and after emigrating to Palestine, enlisted to fight alongside the British with 138 of his Jewish comrades. Baumgarten managed to escape from Vienna but later met a terrible fate.

Baumgarten was stationed on the S.S. Erinpura, which carried more than a thousand soldiers and crew members. German bombers spotted and attacked the ship, killing 664 soldiers, including 139 soldiers from Palestine who had enlisted in the British Army.

This emigration questionnaire includes Baumgarten’s date of birth: December 3, 1923.

Emigration Questionnaire of Menachem Baumgarten

Emigration Questionnaire of Menachem Baumgarten

The second page shares information about Menachem’s family members: his mother Irma, brother Josef, and sister Edith.

Emigration Questionnaire of Menachem Baumgarten

Emigration Questionnaire of Menachem Baumgarten

The following handwritten text in German can be found on the final page:

“Attention final processing!

Menachem (Leopold) Baumgarten, a Jew, according to his beliefs. Completely without means, applied to the social welfare office in his area of residence, his father is deceased.

Applicant is traveling with Youth Aliyah to Palestine on 15.8.1939.

In regard to his travel, he cannot afford to pay for his travel expenses, therefore he directs the expenses of the (immigration) contract to the Palestine Office (RM 166.35 + £ 1.14).

(RM – German currency, £ – Sterling)

The applicant is referred to final processing.

25.7.1939”

Emigration document of Menachem Baumgarten

Emigration document of Menachem Baumgarten

Summary


这个具有重要历史意义的移民文件数据集在创建80多年后,现在首次在网上提供,让我们这一代人详细了解了二战前维也纳的犹太人社区。

Searching this collection on MyHeritage is free. To view its records or to save records to your family tree, you’ll need aData or Complete plan.

如果你在MyHeritage世界杯东道主2022上有一个家谱,我们的记录匹配技术将自动通知你,如果这些收集的记录与你的亲属匹配。然后,你可以查看记录,并决定是否要将新信息添加到你的族谱中。世界杯东道主2022

We hope this collection will be valuable for the family history research of our users.